Saturday, May 03, 2008


Neville Chamberlain

Jump to: navigation, search
The Right Honourable
Neville Chamberlain
Neville Chamberlain

In office
28 May 193710 May 1940
Monarch George VI
Preceded by Stanley Baldwin
Succeeded by Winston Churchill

In office
5 November 193128 May 1937
Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald
Stanley Baldwin
Preceded by Philip Snowden
Succeeded by Sir John Simon
In office
27 August 192322 January 1924
Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin
Preceded by Stanley Baldwin
Succeeded by Philip Snowden

Born 18 March 1869(1869-03-18)
Edgbaston, Birmingham,
United Kingdom
Died 8 November 1940 (aged 71)
Highfield Park,
Heckfield, Hampshire,
United Kingdom
Political party Conservative
Spouse Anne Chamberlain
Alma mater Mason Science College
Religion Unitarian

Arthur Neville Chamberlain (18 March 18699 November 1940) was a British Conservative politician and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1937 to 1940.

Chamberlain's legacy is marked by his policy regarding the appeasement of Adolf Hitler and Nazi GermanyMunich Agreement in 1938, conceding part of Czechoslovakia to Hitler. In the same year he also gave up the Irish Free State Royal Navy ports. with his signing of the

After working in business and local government and a short spell as Director of National Service in 1916 and 1917, Chamberlain followed his father and older half-brother in becoming a Member of Parliament in the 1918 general election at age 49. He declined a junior ministerial position, remaining a backbencher until he was appointed Postmaster General after the 1922 general election. He was rapidly promoted in 1923 to Minister of Health and then Chancellor of the Exchequer but presented no budget before the government fell in 1924.

He returned as Minister of Health, introducing a range of reform measures from 1924 to 1929. He was appointed Chancellor of the Exchequer in the coalition National Government in 1931 and spent six years reducing the war debt and the tax burden. When Stanley Baldwin retired after the abdication of Edward VIII and the coronation of George VI, Chamberlain took his place as Prime Minister in 1937.

Chamberlain was forced to resign the premiership on 10 May 1940, after Germany invaded the Netherlands, Belgium and France. He was succeeded by Winston Churchill but remained very well regarded in Parliament. Before ill-health forced him to resign, he was an important member of Churchill's war cabinet. He had a key role in the formation of the Special Operations Executive. Chamberlain died of cancer six months after leaving office.

Blog Archive